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What Are The Legal Rights Of An Advocate Or A Lawyer?

You see, in the biggest democracy like India, there are certain rights for everyone working within the legal system of the country. Here, we are especially talking about lawyers aka advocates. If you have seen such a professional working on some case or anything like that, then you’ll know what we are talking about. There are certain rights that advocates have in India that allow them to keep on doing their work without any obstruction from the legal system itself. And if you want to know these fundamental rights of the advocates in India, then keep on reading because that’s what we are all about today. Alright, here we go now.

Major Fundamental Rights of Advocates

lawyer advocate

1. Right to Practice

The right to practice any profession is a fundamental right to any advocate in the country. Section 30 of the Advocates Act, 1961, provides the right to practice. It allows the advocates to practice in any court in India, that is, from the Supreme Court to the lower courts. This rule protects the necessity that lawyers should be allowed to use their skills in freedom to support justice and the rule of law. But yes, this right comes with many conditions, such as being enrolled with the Bar Council and following the code of conduct.

2. Right to Pre-Hearing Or Pre-Audience

You see, it is pretty much one of the essential rights of the advocates that they must be allowed pre-audience because they are entitled to access and examine case records prior to the court sitting to hear the case. It is important in preparing a comprehensive case because the lawyer is given enough amount of time to understand the facts and legal issues involved. This is recognized under the Advocates Act of 1961, and the court procedures that any advocate will stand a chance to represent his or her clients effectively with all the information needed.

3. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression

Article 19(1)(a) of the Indian Constitution provides for the freedom of speech and expression available to an advocate. This, in turn, enables the lawyer to put forth his views in relation to the system of administration of justice, judiciary, or any legal matters having an impact on his clients or the profession itself, you know? Though freedom is basic, it has to be exercised with responsibility without being too careless about it and without ignoring the importance of the judiciary and its members or other members of the legal fraternity.

4. Right to Enter Any Court and Observe Proceedings

You may have seen that many advocates actually go to other hearings to which they are not related, and that’s mainly to learn new strategies and ways of presenting facts and strengthening their own case. That’s why advocates are free to enter into any court and attend proceedings irrespective of whether they are appearing in the matter or not. This has great importance in professional development and enables lawyers to acquire knowledge of updated legal practices, as well as improve the necessary skills in the court by watching various court proceedings, which is pretty understandable, isn’t it?

5. Right Against Arrest

You see, as per Section 32 of the Advocates Act, 1961, the arrest or detention of an advocate without any reasonable ground during the exercise of his/her professional duties is unethical. Therefore, the said provision shall apply to civil and criminal cases, and thus, advocates shall be at liberty to defend his/her client without any threat of intimidation and obstruction. But yes, there must be an arrest warrant involved, especially in cases where the lawyer is associated with seriously chargeable offenses or crimes.

6. Right to Meet with Accused

The Advocates Act Of 1961, states that advocates should be able to meet with accused clients in a place and an atmosphere in which to prepare a defense strongly. This will give all the means and abilities for the advocates to gather important information and deliberate on case strategies confidentially, respecting the principles of attorney-client privilege, you know?

7. Right to Privacy of Communication

Section 129 of the Indian Evidence Act of 1872, protects the confidentiality between an advocate and a client, whereby the client has a right that the communication between him or her and the lawyer shall not be disclosed to any unauthorized person no matter what. Building confidence and getting proper legal assistance are the facts that make this privilege between advocate and client necessary.

8. Right to Take Fee

Advocates are entitled to reasonable fees for their services, a right protected under the Bar Council of India rules. This would ensure that the advocates may derive their livelihood from their profession, rendering professional services to their clients. Though, the fee shall be reasonable, transparent, and communicated to the client in advance.

9. Right to Refuse a Case

Advocates can refuse to take cases, especially those relating to illegal activities or in case of a conflict of interest. This ensures that lawyers or advocates live up to the standards set by morality and professionalism in declining cases that can compromise the values of the advocate or the fairness of the legal system.

Duties and Responsibilities

1. Towards Clients

And as you may already know, advocates have many responsibilities to the client. First of all, they should advise and represent him/her in other legal matters. Here, it is of critical importance that the advocates in question need to be effective communicators with the client, to conduct proper research on the law, and to portray facts correctly, no matter what. Besides, they must prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds.

2. Toward the Court

And yes, there are certain responsibilities of an advocate towards the court and legal system too, like respecting the court and observing moral principles is very significant. Advocates should maintain the dignity of the court, not have any private conversation with the judge about a case being heard, and not engage in or encourage any corrupt practices. They should also dress appropriately in court, according to Bar Council guidelines.


That’s all. With these rights and laws already in place for the lawyers, they have full freedom to carry on with any case in India, ethically, without worrying about the legal system itself. And we truly hope that our today’s post laid down these rights of the advocates in the simplest words possible for you.


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