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Centre Proposes New Excise Law to Boost Ease of Doing Business

The Indian government has proposed a new excise law aimed at improving the ease of doing business in the country. This initiative, part of a broader reform agenda, is designed to simplify regulatory processes and enhance business operations across various sectors. Here are the key aspects and implications of this proposed law:

Objectives of the New Excise Law

Excise Law

The primary goal of the proposed excise law is to streamline and simplify the existing excise regulations, which are often seen as cumbersome and outdated. By reducing bureaucratic red tape and modernizing regulatory frameworks, the government aims to create a more business-friendly environment. This move is in line with the broader “Minimum Government, Maximum Governance” philosophy, which seeks to minimize governmental intervention in businesses while maximizing efficiency and transparency.

Key Features of the Proposed Law

1. Simplification and Modernisation:

The new law will consolidate various existing excise regulations into a single, cohesive framework. This simplification is expected to reduce the compliance burden on businesses, allowing them to focus more on their core activities rather than navigating complex regulatory requirements​.

2. Decriminalization and Rationalisation:

Minor offenses under the excise laws will be decriminalized, and monetary penalties will be rationalized. This approach aims to foster a more cooperative relationship between businesses and regulatory authorities, reducing the adversarial nature of compliance enforcement.

3. Enhanced Transparency and Efficiency:

The proposed law includes measures to improve transparency in the excise administration. For example, it will mandate the use of digital platforms for various regulatory processes, thereby reducing opportunities for corruption and enhancing efficiency​.

4. Support for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs):

Special provisions will be introduced to support SMEs, recognizing their crucial role in the economy. These provisions will include simplified compliance requirements and reduced penalties for non-compliance, helping smaller businesses navigate the regulatory landscape more easily​.

Impact on Businesses

The new excise law is expected to have a positive impact on businesses by reducing compliance costs and administrative burdens. By making regulatory processes more straightforward and transparent, the law will enable businesses to allocate more resources towards growth and innovation. Additionally, the decriminalization of minor offenses and rationalization of penalties will create a more conducive environment for business operations, encouraging entrepreneurship and investment.

Broader Economic Implications

Beyond individual businesses, the new excise law is part of a larger effort to improve India’s business environment and attract foreign investment. Simplifying regulatory frameworks and enhancing ease of doing business are critical components of this strategy. These reforms are expected to improve India’s rankings in global ease of doing business indices, thereby boosting investor confidence and promoting economic growth​.


The proposed new excise law represents a significant step towards modernizing India’s regulatory environment and enhancing the ease of doing business. By simplifying regulations, reducing penalties, and promoting transparency, the government aims to create a more business-friendly environment that supports growth and innovation. This initiative is expected to benefit businesses of all sizes, contributing to broader economic development and positioning India as a more attractive destination for investment.


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