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What are the Legal Rights of a Person in India?

India for sure is the largest democracy in the world, and there are rules and regulations for the general public to follow. But, just like the other free countries in the world, India too has some legal rights assigned to every citizen who is born in the Indian subcontinent. So let’s find out what these legal fundamental and special rights are.

 Legal Rights

Fundamental Rights In India For Everyone

You see, there are some very important rights in India that may be said to be the strong pillars of democracy. These rights ensure that every person is treated equally and can live freely and get justice. First off, we have the Right to Equality. This means that anybody within the system receives justice, and nobody is marginalized or given bad treatment just because of how they appear, where they come from, or what they believe in. Then, there is the Right to Freedom. Thus, it has created the opportunity to say whatever the people want to say, for anyone to come together without fighting and for anyone to take the jobs of their choice without the prevention of others. And just like that, there are other fundamental rights such as the Right against Exploitation, the Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and yes, the Right to Constitutional Remedies.

Specific Legal Rights of Indian Citizens

In India, aside from the main rights everyone knows about, there are also special rights given to help people deal with daily life. These important but less-known rights protect people in different ways, such as:

1. Right to Submit an FIR: A First Information Report (FIR) can be filled by any person in India regarding the highlighted problem in the case of a serious crime to ensure that the police, at least, take note and do something about it.

2. Right of Parents to Be Supported: Indian laws also affirm that parents have the right to be supported by their grown-up children so as to lead a life of dignity and comfort even when they are old.

3. Equal Pay for All: Under the Equal Remuneration Act, equal pay must be given to every person, man or woman, for equal work. This helps in providing treatment to all on a level playing field at work.

4. Rights of Women while Arrested: In India, you see, there are special rules to protect women if they are arrested. They should not be arrested at night, and it should only be done by female officers for their dignity.

5. Legal Action Against Traffic Violations: The law remains there to protect you in the sense that no traffic officer has any right to remove the keys of the vehicle without good reason, as this makes it obligatory for them to act properly and fairly.

6. Rights as in Police Act, 1861: A police officer is always willing to offer his help in or out of uniform, for one can be said to assure services and protection to members of the public.

7. Maternity Benefits: A woman cannot be dismissed from work just for the sake of being pregnant. This law keeps her at her workplace until she delivers a baby.

8. Right to Request a Refund: Each and every time you make the purchase, if it doesn’t come up to the mark, then surely, even though the vendor says “No Refunds,” you have the right to claim the money back.

9. Cheque Bounce Protection: The law protects that when you get any check that is of nature and unenforceable, then you may move on to take proper action for keeping the money matters honest and secured.

10. Free Legal Help: In India, this right is there to provide free legal help, which ensures that access to justice is available to one and all.

11. Right to Information: The RTI Act allows you to demand information from the government, making things more transparent and the government more responsible toward the public.


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